Boy, have things ever changed.
Today's lightweight backpacking tarps and ultralight shelters are massive improvements on the models of even last season. And if you did any backpacking 20-30 years ago, you'll really notice how these products have evolved.
Tarps are popular shelters among backpackers seeking the lightest possible gear. They're simple, inexpensive, and highly adaptable. Once you learn how to camp using a simple backpacking tarp, you'll fall in love with how amazingly effective these ultralight backpacking shelters can be!
Understanding what makes a great lightweight backpacking tarp is just part of the battle. I'm going to explain to you what to look for in a lightweight tarp for backpacking. Then, I'll offer up some of the highest quality lightweight backpacking tarps for you to choose from. By the end of this article, you'll know exactly which lightweight backpacking tarp is right for you.
How to Choose the Best Lightweight Tarp
There is a surprising amount to know about lightweight tarps. It’s easy to get lost in the analysis of new gear. This leads to decision paralysis, overspending, and tons of wasted time. Let me help guide you through what you really need to know before picking out a lightweight tarp for backpacking.
Backpacking Tarp Materials
When you go to buy your new lightweight backpacking tarp, you’ll essentially be choosing between three materials. Materials like canvas, duck cloth, and oilcloth are not long-outdated. Instead, you’ll be choosing between nylon, polyester, and cuben fiber.
Nylon is a synthetic material made from plastic fibers which are extruded and aligned. These woven plastics come in many types and styles and originally were used in parachutes for soldiers during WWII. Nylon now is used in everything from car interiors to tactical equipment and lightweight waterproof tarps.
Nylon for tarps is usually coated with an additional layer of silicone which creates an added layer of water repellent protection. This type of fabric is known as sil-nylon.
Polyester is ever so slightly less durable than nylon but often creates a slightly lighter weight tarp. Polyester fabrics are also coated with silicone for most waterproof backpacking tarps and can come in many “weights”.
Cuben Fiber is a material which crossed into the backpacking world from high-class racing sailboats. Created from a laminate of tough, durable fibers sandwiched between two layers of plastic, cuben fiber is heat sealed for a perfect waterproof fabric. Unlike traditional fabrics, cuben is much harder to work with, more expensive, and sports several odd quirks that make it an unusual choice of fabric. On the plus side, however, is the fact that it is substantially lighter than any other backpacking tarp materials available today.
This is the process by which manufacturers or users seal water out of the seams of the tarp. Seam sealing on lightweight backpacking tarps is often done by the end user (you). Some makers offer options which allow you to have the tarp seam sealed when you order, others do not. If this option is available, make sure to use it. Manufacturers are usually much better at seam sealing since they make dozens of tarps a week.
If you fail to seam seal your tarp, you’re going to find yourself cold, wet, and angry very quickly. Tarps usually feature a center ridge which, if left unsealed, will leak at the first sign of rain. Water makes its way through the hundreds of tiny holes punctured into the fabric by the sewing machine and then ends up in your sleeping bag!
To seam seal a tarp yourself, watch the video on how to effectively seam seal. Then, get a tube of McNett silicone seam sealer and get to work!
Catenary Cut Tarps
Known as cat-cut tarps for short, these tarps are engineered to be perfectly taut under tension. Using a combination of math, science, and magic manufacturers cut slight curves into the edges and seam of the tarp which improve the tightness of the tarp’s pitch.
Cat-cut tarps are awesome creations and in the correct situations, they perform flawlessly while outperforming their standard peers. However, if you’re ever forced to pitch your tarp in a cramped area or a location where a perfect pitch can’t be achieved you may be out of luck. A cat-cut tarp will sag and flap in bad weather when pitched in any arrangement other than its exact original design.
While standard tarps usually won’t pitch as tight and firm as a cat-cut tarp in ideal situations, these standard square-cut tarps are more adaptable. Some users prefer the adaptability and flexibility of a good old square tarp over their fancy cat-cut backpacking tarp counterparts.
Where To Buy a Lightweight Backpacking Tarp
It can actually be quite a trick figuring out where to buy your next backpacking tarp. Lightweight tarps tend to be almost exclusively made by small cottage industry manufacturers (mom and pop type stores) which can be hard to track down. On the plus side is that these small operations make some amazing equipment and you’ll be more than happy that you ordered from a small operation.
Now, I’m not saying that it’s impossible to find a lightweight tarp from large stores like REI, Backcountry.com, or other operations. You definitely can find some options there! What you won’t find are cuben fiber tarps, ultralight tarps, and some of the more bleeding edge technology going into the absolute lightest weight tarps available today.
Don’t be afraid to buy from small cottage industry makers when it comes to lightweight backpacking gear.
The 5 Best Lightweight Backpacking Tarps of 2017 / 2018
So, now you understand some of the basics of ultralight backpacking tarps. Next, you’ll have to try to pick out a tarp that works the best for you. We all have different needs and priorities. Some may even want to buy more than one type, size, or style of tarp for different situations. Up next is a list of great lightweight backpacking tarps that will get you started!
One major consideration for any purchase is the price. With lightweight backpacking tarps from small manufacturers ranging in price from $100 – $300 it can be hard to stomach the cost of a new tarp. Afterall, it’s just a piece of fabric, right?
Well, some may find the extremely affordable price of the Vigor Tarp to be a selling point all on its own. Currently, at less than $25, this 10′ x 10′ tarp is waterproof and well-loved by users. It comes with guylines, four tent stakes, and a stuff sack. Not even some of the best lightweight backpacking tarps from other makers can say this! Honestly, it’s hard to believe that something with an affordable price like this could possibly do as well as some of the great tarps from other makers.
That’s why I love that the manufacturer has a 3-year rip-free warranty. While I wish there was more specific information about the exact tarp materials and construction I suppose it really doesn’t matter. For such a low price, we have to accept some shortcomings and other users vouch for its waterproofness and function. Things like upgraded stakes, additional waterproofing, and other options could be done aftermarket if necessary.
If you’re looking for a lightweight tarp that is just outright affordable, this might be the one for you!
UGQ is one of my all-time favorite gear makers. Why? Because they seem to hit the sweet spot of price, lightweight, and great customer service. With some recent changes to their products and website, things are better than ever and easier to order!
Now you can get their 12′ x 12′ silpoly lightweight backpacking tarp at the $159.95 base price. Of course, you’ll still need to choose your favorite ridgeline rope – I recommend dynaglide– and seam seal the tarp. Don’t forget to put on your own tie-outs for guylines!
The UGQ XL-SLIPOLY is available in sizes up to 15′ x 15′ which is insanely large! For a two-person hiking group, the 12′ x 12′ should be more than enough. If you’re hiking solo then you’ll have tons of room for gear or perhaps an unexpected hiking partner.
The 12′ x 12′ model starts at 23 ounces.
If you’re looking for the absolute lightest weight backpacking tarp available the MLD Grace Tarp in Cuben Fiber might be the best pick for you. Mountain Laurel Designs is a small operation that seeks to make the lightest and most functional backpacking gear available. They’re close to the mark with the Grace Tarp!
Depending on what options you select and how you finish your Cuben Fiber Grace Tarp, you’ll be left with an ultralight backpacking shelter that comes in between 7-12 ounces. That’s roughly between 1/2 and 3/4 of a pound for your entire shelter! Compared to lightweight backpacking tents, the MLD Grace Tarp is easily 1/4 of the weight of even the lightest tents.
Of course, Cuben Fiber is a finicky material that can be hard to work with. It’s fragile in certain conditions and requires careful attention and maintenance. If that doesn’t sound like your thing, then consider the Grace Tarp in SilNylon. MLD will even seam seal the SilNylon version for you which adds about 1 oz to the overall weight.
Be careful comparing apples to apples on these tarps though. The MLD Grace Tarp is much smaller than the UGQ Silpoly tarp. MLD’s Grace Tarp measures 7′ x 5′ x 9′ (front x rear x length). UGQ’s XL tarps are 12′ x 12′ x 12′. When the rain really starts pounding, you might wish you had more coverage!
Zpacks is a company that specializes exclusively in the use of cuben fiber for backpacking equipment. Now technically known as “Dyneema Composite” the cuben fiber material has evolved from its humble roots.
This cuben fiber backpacking tarp is made from .51 oz/sqyd olive colored cuben. There are reinforced tie-outs for guylines and the ridgeline is totally bonded for a waterproof seal every time. No need to seam seal the tarp because the cuben fiber layers are bonded together using heat. That means there’s a perfect waterproof seal on every seam without the need for additional silicone.
While Zpacks typically has some of the highest prices on backpacking gear, it’s for a reason. Their 8.5′ x 10′ tarp weighs only 7.7 ounces straight from the factory. That’s less than half a pound for your backpacking shelter! Not bad when you consider the other options available.
Don’t get too wrapped up in trying to shave ounces that you pick a tarp that is too small for you. There’s nothing glorious about trying to huddle under the edges of a tiny tarp while the Appalachians dump a thunderstorm on you in the middle of the night.
The Zpacks cuben fiber tarps are great high-quality choices if you demand the lightest!
Sea to Summit is a brand that I’ve favored for years. They make everything from camp spoons to advanced shelter systems like the Escapist Tarp. I love that they always seem to bring great value at low prices on equipment that’s durable and functional.
At 10′ x 10′ and about the size of a medium Nalgene bottle when packed, these tarps are similar in design and function to the UGQ XL Sil-Poly tarps. You can snag this tarp in either medium (8.5 x 8.5) or large (10 x 10) size. Either size is appropriate for two hikers to sleep but the medium will be much more cramped. At less than 3 ounces of difference, I would encourage even the solo hiker to consider the 10 x 10 large size tarp.
Remember that the drawback then becomes a matter of being able to find a 10 x 10 space to pitch the tarp when hiking so if you anticipate camped quarters you may have to get creative.
Made from 15 denier coated nylon this tarp is squarely positioned to be a great contender in the space. I love the price tag, basic square cut shape, included line locks for quick guyline adjustment, and grommets on every tieout. That means you can easily get creative with your tarp pitches by using upside down hiking poles.
The Sea to Summit Escapist Tarp is an awesome choice if you prefer to get your gear from a major brand or if you prefer the REI guarantee and money back co-op experience.
Lightweight backpacking tarps come in many sizes, shapes, and styles. Some backpackers even choose to make their own, since it can be hard to find just the right one. Whatever tarp you choose for your hiking and backpacking trips, be sure it truly fits your needs. There’s always a balance between weight, comfort, and function.
If you’re tight on cash, go for the Vigor Tarp which won’t cost you much at all. Be prepared to do some modifications and upgrades when necessary, though. For those looking to find the best balance of weight, size, price, and function the UGQ Tarps are my favorite. No one can deny that the Mountain Laurel Design tarps and Zpacks tarps may be the absolute lightest backpacking tarps available though.
Remember to test your backpacking tarps before taking them on a trip. Spend the night in your backyard sleeping under the quilt and see if it’s big enough. Check for leaks on a rainy night, and be sure to learn how to take care of your tarp properly. Then you’ll be ready for anything when you take your new lightweight backpacking tarp on to the trail!